2022-05-20 08:11:20/ Kategori : Internal Medicine (Internal Medicine)

Coronaviruses; human, bird, cow, pig, camel etc. They are viruses with many subspecies that can also cause infection in animals. Coronaviruses are viruses that can cause mostly colds and sometimes more severe pictures in humans.

In 2003, the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) agent, SARS-CoV virus, caused an international epidemic with a high mortality rate (11%). The next epidemic MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) emerged in Saudi Arabia and Jordan in 2012, and the virus responsible for the infection with a mortality rate of 30-50% in this epidemic was named MERS-CoV. On 31 December 2019, WHO reported cases of pneumonia of unknown origin in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province of China, and 7

In January 2020, the agent was identified as a new coronavirus (2019 -nCoV) that has not been detected in humans before. In the region where there is a livestock and fish market in this city, the high number of cases has attracted attention. Although the source of infection has not been identified yet, new cases are transmitted from person to person. There are currently diagnosed cases in nine countries.

transmission of the disease; It occurs through airborne droplets and by contact with the surface and objects infected with the virus. The information about the resistance of the virus to the external environment and the time of emergence after the transmission of the disease has not been finalized yet.

Symptoms begin similar to flu symptoms, such as fever, malaise. After 2-3 days, cough and shortness of breath, general body aches, sore throat and headache, nausea, diarrhea appear. In severe cases, pneumonia, kidney failure, and severe respiratory system infection can be seen. It is important that people with a history of travel to the area where the infection is seen and their relatives apply to the nearest health institution as soon as their complaints begin.

Diagnosis; Virus screening by PCR from the samples taken from the upper or lower respiratory tracts of the patients under follow-up is performed in the Public Health Reference Laboratories.

Since no effective drug against the virus has yet been found in the treatment, it has been emphasized that general supportive treatments may be sufficient in mild cases, and that the more serious ones should be followed up in the hospital.

At the beginning of the things to be done for protection, it is a priority to use masks, handkerchiefs and pay attention to hand hygiene in crowded environments. Use of alcohol hand sanitizer in cases where hands cannot be washed, minimizing scattering by using a handkerchief or the inside of the elbow when sneezing and coughing, and staying away from people with fever and cough are also among the recommendations to prevent infection.

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